|The Khamseh Confederation
The Khamseh of Fars have always been a
confederation rather than a tribe. In 1861 - 62 The Persian Shah Naser
ed-Din created the Khamseh Tribal Confederation. He took 5 tribes, the
Arab, Nafar, Baharlu, Inalu, and the Basseri and placed them under the
control of the Qavam ol-Molk family. Khamseh is the Arabic word for 5
and the confederation gets its name from that. Combining tribes was not
a new idea the Safavid Shahs created many Kizilbash confederations. It
is thought that the Qashqai
were gaining so much power that the Shah wanted to create a
counterbalance to Qashqai power in the region. It is also highly likely
that the Shah was in debt to the Qavam ol-Molk family and this would
have been a fairly painless way to eliminate a debt.
The Khamseh Confederation were a mixed lot of
Turks, Persian, and Arab tribes. However they all came to be called
Arabs in contrast to the Turkic Qashqai.
These are the languages that identify the Khamseh.
Language is identity.
Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic, The Arab
Iranian - Western - Southwestern - western Farsi:
Iranian - Western - Southwestern - The Luri
Southern Azeri: The Baharlu, Inalu, and Nafar,