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Naein Rugs By Ehsan Afzalzadeh Naini Of Iran Rug Co.

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Persian Rugs the O'Connell Notes

Persian Rugs: Guide To Gabbeh Rugs


Guide To
Gabbeh Rugs

The Wool, the Yarn, the Dyes

 His efforts to encourage natural dyes, native wool, and tribal patterns have been essential in the revival of the Iranian carpet industry.   was kind enough to loan me these images of the production of his rugs.

Persian Rugs: Guide To Gabbeh Rugs

The basic material of a Gabbeh is wool. The Qashqai raise a tough breed of sheep with a distinctive wool.

Washqai wool from Qashqau sheep

Qashqai men do the shearing.

Gabbeh Rugs

Spinning is done by either men or women. It is the felting property of wool that makes the spinning work. Wool has scales and when wool touches wool the scales catch each other. This is why the wool letters stick to a wool felt board. Spinning draws the wool out and and the twist locks the scales together. The locking of scales or felting as it is called is what makes the yarn.

The Natural Dye Renaissance

Wool rugs without color would not be pleasing and the nature of the color is important.

In the late 19th and 20th century there was a massive shift in dying from natural dyes to chemical dyes. The chemical dyes were fraught with problems. The chemical dyes were cheaper and easier so people switched but over years the toxic waste poisoned dyers and seeped into the groundwater in many areas. The rugs suffered as well. As a whole the chemical were less attractive to western consumers.

With Dr. Sobhe were a number of people who helped engineer the Natural Dye Renaissance. Abbas Sayahi was instrumental in teaching the industry how to use the natural dyes again. There is an amazing sense of selflessness with these men they are willing to help their own competition for the benefit of a greater good.

By the way I was curious about the image above with the gray wool and the pomegranates so I call the Sayahi Dye works near Shiraz Iran. Parham was kind enough to explain to me that depending on the mordant pomegranates can give gray, green, or a muted yellow.

Gabeh Rugs Red Qashqai Rug from Sobco

Gabbeh Rugs: Handmade Gabbeh From Zollanvari

Gabbeh Rugs: Amalehbaft Gabbeh Rug

Gabbeh Rugs: Regular Gabbeh Rug From Gabbeh.com

Gabbeh Rugs: Kashkoli Gabbeh Rug From Gabbeh.com

Qashqai Gabbeh Rug 19th C Fars Province Lot 134

Internet Resources for Gabbeh Rugs

Persian Rugs and Carpets Gabbeh Flooring Rugidea.com Los Angeles California Sobcoweb.com

www.Gabbeh.com

Gabbayeh (Gabbeh) Rugs from Iran

www.PersianCarpetGuide.com

Copyright Barry O'Connell 2004 - 2014

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